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日本

带宠物去日本是一件比较麻烦的事情,在详细看完本文后,你会对整个流程有一个大概的了解。以下是主要的要求:


一、安装电子身份芯片

旅客计划携带伴侣犬猫进入日本前,应按要求到相关单位安装电子身份芯片。


二、进行狂犬病免疫接种

注射两次包括狂犬病在内的疫苗(犬为七联,猫为四联),两次疫苗间隔至少1个月,待第二次疫苗注射完毕后,至少2周后才能采血清样本,血清样本在日本指定实验室检测完毕,检测报告返回,若合格,从采血之日算起180天后可以出境。


三、血清检测

出口前须由日方认可的通过法国NANCY实验室资格考核的检测实验室进行狂犬病血清抗体检测。由于目前我国尚无通过资格考核的实验室,经国家质检总局与日方商定,在此期间需要向日本出口伴侣犬猫的,由犬猫所有者向日方认可的实验室(可在日本动物检疫所网站http://www.maff-aqs.go.jp查询)寄送血清样品进行检测。寄送血清样品时应随附伴侣犬猫所有者居住地所在的检验检疫机构对被采集血清的犬猫实施临床检疫合格后出具的动物卫生证书,证明该犬猫未见传染病的临床症状,证书还须注明该伴侣动物被植入的芯片号码。


四、血清样品检测合格后,伴侣犬猫出境时,还须向出境口岸检验检疫机构申报进行临床检疫,获得动物卫生证书方可出口。

 

以下是日本官方的宠物出入境规定:

 

On arrival in Japan, dogs and cats must undergo import quarantine for a set period to screen out rabies (and in the case of dogs, rabies and leptospirosis), depending on conditions. Furthermore, in order to check whether they have contracted the diseases in isolation from other animals or humans, the animals are held in the quarantine facilities of the Animal Quarantine Service (AQS). Please bear in mind that even when a long quarantine period is necessary, quarantine cannot be allowed at any place other than the premises of AQS.


When trying to import dogs or cats, you must submit advance notification of the planned date of arrival, number of animals and other items to the Animal Quarantine Service which has jurisdiction over your intended port of arrival at least 40 days prior to arrival in Japan. Please note that you may be requested to change the date or place of import depending on the availability situation of quarantine facilities at the Animal Quarantine Service.


If you have a certificate for the animal issued by the responsible government agency of the country of export containing necessary information such as the microchip number for individual identification, dates of rabies vaccinations and rabies antibody levels as well as stating that the animal underwent 180 days wait in the country of export, the quarantine period will be completed within12 hours. In all other cases the quarantine period will be up to 180 days.


The Animal Quarantine Service will issue an Import Quarantine Certificate on completion of the import quarantine.
Importers of dogs are required to register their dogs under the Rabies Prevention Law and may need to take the Import Quarantine Certificate to the local authorities of the destination of the dog.

【NOTICE!】
Dogs can only be imported through the following 17 seaports and airports: Tomakomai Port, Keihin Port, Nagoya Port, Hanshin Port, Kanmon Port, Hakata Port, Kagoshima Port, Naha Port, Shin-Chitose Airport, Narita International Airport, Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), Chubu International Airport, Kansai International Airport,New Kitakyushu Airport, Fukuoka Airport, Kagoshima Airport and Naha Airport.

   

What is required to make quarantine less than 12 hours?


Advance notification
Regardless of the way dogs and cats are brought to Japan (hand luggage, cargo etc.), advance notification of the following must be submitted to the Animal Quarantine Service with jurisdiction over the intended air(sea)port of arrival at least 40 days prior to arrival in Japan:

Notification Items: Name, address and contact number of the person submitting the notification; breed of dog,cat; number of animals; intended use; country of export; date and place of import; name and address of consignee/consigner; export location,destination; individual identification data etc.

 

Documentation required
In case that the following can be confirmed with a certificate issued by the responsible government agency of the country of export, the quarantine period on arrival will be within 12 hours: individual identification with a microchip; rabies vaccinations and rabies antibody levels; completion of a 180-day wait in the country of export.

 

First-step: Individual identification by microchip
Dogs and cats must be individually identified by microchip.  Upon arrival in Japan, the number of the animals microchip will be checked against the number on the certificate issued by the responsible government agency of the country of export. If the animal is not fitted with an ISO compliant (11784 and 11785) microchip, please bring a microchip reader with you.

Second-step: Rabies vaccination
Dogs and cats must be immunized against rabies with inactivated or recombinant vaccines at least twice after the microchip is fitted.


The second or after rabies vaccination must be conducted more than 31 days after the previous and within the effective period of previous vaccination.
? Rabies vaccination before microchip implantation is not valid.
? Live vaccination is not valid.
? Dogs or cats must be at least 91 days old at the time of rabies vaccination.
Third-step: Blood Test (Measurement of rabies antibody levels)
After the second vaccination, blood (serum) sample shall be taken from dogs and cats for blood test(neutralizing antibody titration test against rabies).


Then blood test against rabies must be carried out the laboratory designated by the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan.
The results of the blood test shall be equal to or greater than 0.5 IU/ml.
? Blood sampling must be done on and after the date of second vaccination.
? Blood test performed by laboratories before the recognition date by Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan is not invalid.
? The result of blood test is valid for two years after the date of blood sampling.
Fourth-step: 180 days wait
Dogs and cats are required to undergo a wait of at least 180 days between the date of the blood sampling is taken and the date of the dogs and cats arrives in Japan.
? In case 180 days have not passed at arrival, the animals will be quarantined in AQS facility to make up for the days in shortage.
? Dogs or cats must be at least 91 days old at the time of rabies vaccination.
? The result of blood test is valid for two years after the date of blood sampling.
? If the rabies vaccination expires prior to arrival animals have to be given another rabies vaccination before the effective date of the prior vaccination.


Certificate of export country
Dogs and cats must be inspected and confirmed that they do not have or are not suspected of having rabies (and in the case of dogs, rabies and leptospirosis) prior to departure (whenever possible, no more than two days before departure). The importers need to obtain a certificate issued by the responsible government agency of the country of export stating the previous details; the First-step to the Fourth step.


We recommend you to obtain the certificate using the recommended certification forms (Form A, Form C).
Please note that the animal should be kept in good health and shape prior to departure, and carefully decide on how to transport, in order to avoid accidents or sickness during the transport or import quarantine.
Import inspection on arrival in Japan


On arrival in Japan, please submit the application for import inspection to the Animal Quarantine Service and have the animal inspected by an animal quarantine officer. The inspection for dogs and cats will not usually take long on the condition that the advance notification has been checked, and the animal is successfully identified and is proven to meet all conditions. If there are any omissions in the certification or individual identification, the animal may be subject to a long import quarantine up to 180 days.


Feeding arrangements during the quarantine period
It is the importer’s responsibility to take care of the animals during quarantine. Importers are requested to take proper care of the animals to avoid and unfavourable accidents or illness due to changes in environment.
The cost of import inspection by animal quarantine officers is free but the importers must cover the cost of transportation, feed and other care, onsite veterinary treatment, return or disposal of animals. Please bear in mind that veterinary treatment has to be done at the quarantine facilities of AQS during quarantine.


There are 11 quarantine facilities throughout Japan, but caretaker agents are only based at four of them (Narita, Kansai Airport and Chubu Airport branches, and Yokohama head office). At the other facilities, the importers must either take care of the animals themselves or make advance arrangements with a third party caretaker.
(Animal Quarantine Service centres with quarantine facilities)

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我们的主要服务项目:
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2、代办宠物芯片植入、狂犬疫苗抗体测试(血清寄往国外实验室)、宠物免疫、检查、报关、健康证明等;
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